Gharri Country News Archive Jan. 2004 – Nov. 30, 2004

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     GHARRI REGION News Update Tuesday November 30, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

     The delegation of high-ranking Oromo and Somali states officials, had arrived in Moyale on November 28,2004. The Minister of federal affairs headed the delegates. They have met with the Somali and Oromo states local leaders and various committees. Also, they are expected to meet with community elders on December 01, 2004. According to our informant, the Oromo state representatives have not presented their report in regard to the locations that they do not have inhabit in or have any supporters in.

     The Oromo local officials are still clinging on the same argument that the land belongs to them and its inhabitants are Somali immigrants, therefore, they have the absolute right to the land. But our reporter stated that they are not surprised by what the oromos are saying or why they said it. Because, the Oromos are claiming the entire Ethiopian land as theirs, so, claiming the Gharri land is something the Gharri people are already use to it by now so, it is not new.

      Our informant stated that the Oromo local officials claimed that the Gharri people have abducted their people and they are still held some where in the Ethiopia and Somali boarder areas by the Gharri people. So, the Gharri officials were asked to release those abducted people and to explain why? However, the Gharri officials denied the allegation of abduction and brought those people in questions to the meeting. The people were asked by the delegates if they were abducted and by whom? They replied that no one abducted them and they simply went to participate in the Gharri meeting, and they are fine. So, it was fired back at the Oromo officials, and the issues of Oromo abductions was put to rest.

     Also, the two Gharri victims who were injured by the Oromo thugs have  been taken to Addis Abeba for treatment.

 

GHARRI REGION News Update Friday November 26, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

      The delegation of high-ranking Oromo and Somali states officials, headed by two presidents is expected to arrive in Moyale on Tuesday November 30, 2004.  They are expected to visit all nine disputed locations in Moyale district.

         On November 24, 2004, Oromo rebels ambushed several unarmed Gharri citizens injuring two and abducting one. But he has since escaped and has been reunited with his family. In addition, the Oromo rebels planted landmines on the road between Dhokisu and Beddee to terrorize the Gharri people, but the landmine was detected and removed before any one got hurt.

      According to information received from Moyale Kenya, two Oromo factions have fought among themselves and killing one and injuring two. The tensions are very high between the twin cities boarder line between the Kenya and Ethiopian counterparts, each   accusing the others for the disturbances.

     The Oromo Liberation Front has declared war against the Gharri people stating that the Gharri are their number one enemy and obstacles to their struggle therefore, said they have declared an all out war against the Gharri people to liberate the oppressed Oromos in Southern Ethiopia.

        The Oromo Liberation has been lying to the Oromo masses regarding their struggle against the Ethiopians just to maintain soliciting funds from them, but, there is not one single evidence to show that they ever fought against the Ethiopian arm forces in southern Ethiopia, but there is ample evidences to show that the Oromo Liberation Front fought and is still fighting against the unsuspecting Gharri herders and looting thousands of Gharri owned herds. Therefore, our reporter said that “the So called the Oromo Liberation Front is nothing more than organized criminals whose main objectives are to cleanse certain ethnic group and loot their properties in order to achieve fame in their nomad communities.”

 

  GHARRI REGION News Update Sunday November 21, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

The Oromo malefactor’s attempt to ambush and rob a Burji owned vehicle has failed. However, they indiscriminately shot at the vehicle and killed one Borana passenger and wounded one Burji female on board at Bakul- Boma, which is about 7 kilometers Northwest of the Moyale City. 

Also, according to the information received from Moyale, the Oromo region administrators, community leaders and elders are meeting in Yavelo, to discuss which one of the nine locations in Moyale district that they will agree not to participate in the upcoming Moyale referendum, and they have asked for an extension until November 28, 2004

 

  GHARRI REGION News Update Saturday November 06, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor    

      Persistence and determination pays off at last. Prime Minster Melees Zenawi has ordered new delegates to visit five locations in Moyale District. They are expected to arrive within the next three days. The new delegates are from the neutral regions, and clans. The Somali, Oromos, Amharas, and the Debub Izbotch have been excluded. So, the new delegates will visit Bulladi, Goff, Beede, Chamuq, and Mallab and determine the population make up and report it no later than the November 20, 2004.

      Our reporter said, the locations that are populated by Somali or Oromo majority will not participate in the referendum election. The majority of its residents will resume its administration. Also, our correspondent stated that the Oromo region has agreed to let the Somali region take control of five locations near Miyeso, but Babille and other disputed locations are to be decided by concerned bodies soon.

     The Oromo has lost hope of grabbing the Gharri region. They spent hundreds of millions of dollars and food rations to bribe minority clans and the poor.

      However, our people’s perseverance and determination paid off and it appears that the majority of the disputed cities will not be contested at all, and the Gharri people become the Sole owners of their ancestral lands. Victory to the Gharri people.

 

GHARRI REGION News Update Friday November 05, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

     The Somali state and the Oromo state representatives were not able to agree on the issues of the last referendum election fraud, which was claimed by the Somali state during the conflict resolution conference that was held in Addis Abeba. So, the two regions presidents have met with Prime Minister Melese Zenawi.

Now, the decision is in hands of Melese Zenawi. Our reporter said what ever the prime minister decides it will become the law. Therefore, the Somali states citizens are so nervous because they believe that melese will decide in favor of the Oromo state.

 

GHARRI REGION News Update Wednesday November 03, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

      The Gharri delegates headed by Mr. Ali Dheree at conflict resolution hearing held at the Addis Abeba have scored remarkably well. They presented their case to the representative of the federal government, and the election commissioners, that the Oromo officials have violated every agreement the two states made in the past, by the two states president. The Gharri representatives presented supporting evidences and showed case by case were the Oromo region representatives involved in an ethnic cleansing campaign against the Gharri people, such as the Arero massacre of 2000 and Maddar mass killing of o6 September, 2004. The perpetrators have not been punished or brought to justice yet. The Oromo president admitted to it and stated that the election must go on in Moyale district, and he is willing to remove Mr. Tadessa who is the head of the election commission in Moyale district.

          It has been agreed upon by both states that there will be no creation of new locations or sub locations for the purpose of participating in this referendum election. Also, the two states presidents and head of the security personnel as well as local leaders agreed to send back all non-residents that were brought in by both sides, but the Oromo officials are still clinging on to the same issues, which has become a headache for the Oromo region president.

         Also, it has been agreed to apprehend those Oromo militias who are responsible for the killing of 9 and the wounding of 6 Gharri citizens and also to return all looted properties. So far, they have not done it. Therefore, on November 02, 2004, the Oromo president took the blame and faulted the Oromo region officials, for their failure to fulfill what they have agreed upon and signed on in good faith.

         The conference is expected to conclude later today, and we will let you know as soon as the end result or outcome is known to us.

 

LATEST MOYALE News Update Thursday October 28, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

Moyale Kenya: On October 27, 2004 one Burji owned home was bombed, one person was killed and four were injured. They blamed the Gharri people for the incident.

Ethiopia: The battle has just begun: the Oromo and its Amhara masters have invaded The Ethiopian Somali State.

As most of you already heard, it has been reported that the Oromo region has won all-important key cities and villages even in the areas where there are no Oromo citizens. Example, hawiya and issa areas all allegedly were won by the Oromos, how can that happen? Who cast their ballot there? Our correspondent stated that the reason why the Oromos were declared the winner was not because they won the popular vote, but because they received fraudulent ballot boxes full of voting cards.   

The Somali state has already filed a complaint with the government and election commissioners. So, it is not a done deal yet.

In the1993 referendum, Moyale was declared as being won by the Oromo region, but our Gharri brave brothers and sisters’ relentlessly fight to make it impossible for the Oromos to function in Moyale. As a result, the Ethiopian government withdraws its decision and declared that referendum null and void. One of our local leaders said today in 2004, the Gharri people are more than ready to face the so-called mighty Oromos as long as one Gharri man and woman stand alive in Moyale. They are ready to defend what is naturally theirs.

The Oromos have been given five days to expel all those street thugs and Konssos or face the consequences.

 

LATEST MOYALE News Update Monday October 25, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

The Gharri people have lost both Maddar and Wachile administratorship. Therefore, both cities will be under the Arero district (Woreda). Now, there is lot of disappointed and shocked people everywhere in the Gharri region. Because, it has been said as if the Maddar was a done deal, that the majority of the ballots went to the Gharri people, therefore, no body expect to lose Maddar.

 

LATEST MOYALE News Update Saturday October 23, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

The Moyale saga continues to be a circus like event every day.

The Moyale district has been excluded from this upcoming Sunday’s nation wide referendum elections.

Our correspondent stated that the main reason for indefinite postponement of referendum in Moyale District was due to the OPDO’s officials refusal to pull out 15,000 people they smuggled in to Moyale, until they got their way, which is to take over the Bulladi and Goff. Also, the Ethiopian federal arm forces stationed in Moyale failed to enforce the laws that they came to enforce.

About two weeks ago, the two states presidents and minister of states representing the Ethiopian federal government signed an agreement that all smuggled Oromo people must be sent back. However, the local Oromo (OPDO) leaders refused to send them back. Again, the Ethiopian federal security forces that are in charge failed to do anything about it.

So far the Oromo’s claims have been proven to be nothing more than fiction.

There’s not a single Oromo person who ever lived in Goff and Bulladi and none been found there either by any of the committees who visited both towns and interviewed its residents, but they are still claiming to have displaced people from those two towns.

Maddar and Wachile residents will cast their ballots on Sunday October 24, 2004.

 

      LATEST MOYALE News Update Monday October 18, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

        The Oromo state representatives have filed a motion and a complaint to the federal government and the Ethiopian election commissioners, claiming that their people from Bulladi, EL Goff, and Beede were displaced during the 2000 war. Therefore, they are demanding for their return before this referendum begins. Based on that complaint, the committee was created to look into the Oromos complaint. The newly created committee has conducted their investigation and visited EL Goff, Beede and Bulladi. They could not find any lead or witness to substantiate the Oromo’s claims.

      However, the un named general who is the head of the federal security force was not satisfied with the committee’s findings. So, the committee was given different sets of questions, and was ordered to go back to EL Goff and Bulladi, and conduct more interviews with the locals or investigate the alleged Oromo refugees from those two places. They are expected to complete their investigation or interviews today October 08, 2004 and present their findings to the full committees some time late today or not later than October 19, 2004

        Our reporter said that based on the recommendation of the 150 Community elders and federal security personnel that are in charge of Moyale area, the Oromo and Somali states local officials have been arrested, and Mr. Ibrahim Bitati is among the officials now in jail.

       Also, Wachile and Maddar residents have completed distributing voting cards, and they will cast their ballots within next five days.

 

LATEST MOYALE News Update saturday October 16, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

The Somali and Oromo states presidents along with other high-ranking officials have left Moyale on October 15, 2004. Our correspondent stated that before departing from Moyale, they met with security officials, and 150 community elders consisting of 50, from the Gharri community, 50 from the Oromo community, and 50 from other small minority groups to determine the causes of last week turmoil. So, the head of federal security personal and 150 community elders all agreed that the local officials from both sides are the cause of the problems.

        They added that they are the ones who smuggled non-residents in to the city that resulted in the major disturbances. Our reporter added that the officers in charge implicated eight local officials, four from each political party, and gave the recommendation that 6 out of 8 officials be removed from the election committee membership, and the remaining two to be fired from their job. Therefore, the Oromo and the Somali elders and other officials agreed to accept the recommendation and implemented it right away. The Gharri people had already replaced 3 of their officials including the Moyale mayor and fired “Malin Speed.” He was charged with inciting the public to resist against any attempt to bring in other nonresidents from the Oromo community. Also, the Oromo officials were charged with smuggling non-residents from all over their administrative regions and puts peoples live in danger.

      Also, the two presidents and other government officials along with the locals agreed that there would be no creation of new locations or villages allowed

       After 4 days of intense debates, charges and counter charges, they were able to narrowed down their differences to two locations, Bulladi, and Chamuq. The Oromo region claimed that they have unspecified numbers of people whom were forced to flee from Bulladi in 2000. They now are living in refugee camps, therefore, those refugees must be returned to their original residences. However, the Gharri people disputed the Oromo’s claim as untrue and false, that there’s no single Oromo person who ever lived in Bulladi therefore, no such refugees existed. However, the two states officials and federal government representatives all agreed the need to create a three-person committee consisting of one from Gharri, one from Oromo and one from federal government to study and determine the validity of the Oromo’s claim. The committee has been created. They are expected to visit Bulladi and interview the residents there regarding the alleged Oromo refugees today on October 16, 2004.

        Also, the Officials have ordered all smuggled people to be returned to where they came from and ordered to have another general public gathering and head count afterward. So, the general public gathering and head counts have been scheduled for October 21, 2004 at all 9 disputed locations simultaneously.

 

LATEST MOYALE News Update Wednesday October 13, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

      The Kenyan and Ethiopian boarder has been reopened. Also, the Somali and Oromo states high ranking officials have arrived in Moyale. Now, they are conducting a meeting with local leaders and the community elders to resolve last week’s dispute over who should be able to participate in this referendum at Bulladi, EL Goff, Mallab, and Beede locations.

     According to eyewitness reports, it has been agreed that only the residents of the above mentioned towns are eligible to participate in this referendum to decide which political party should take over its administration. Therefore, the Gharri people are very happy about it.  Now, at least 3 out of 9 disputed locations have already agreed to be under the control of the Gharri people.  Also, the Gharri people are very hopeful to win at least 3 out 6 remaining disputed locations. .

     Our reporter said about 600 smuggled Konso Oromos from Yavelo have been returned back to their home town, and the remaining other non residents who were smuggled in by both side have been asked to leave or to be sent back to where ever they came from. However, the meeting is still ongoing, and we will let you know the final out come as it developed or as story is unfolded.

 

Western Gharri Region News Update Tuesday October 12, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

       The Moyale City is still under military Occupation. The Kenya and Ethiopian boarder has been closed since last Friday night As a result all children attending schools on the Kenyan side of Gharri District have not been able to go school.

     Our reported said there are about 2000 heavily armed solders patrolling or controlling the Bulladi and they had cut off any movement between Bulladi, and the District 02 and vise-versa. However, our reporter stated that the reason for military presence and boarder closure was to safeguard the City and its inhabitants (population) from possible attack by the Oromo armed gangs, and not as to oppress the Moyale citizens.

    Also, the Somali state president Jibril and the Oromo state president  Sado are expected to arrive in Moyale today. They are expected to tour the Bulladi to determine the population make up and also, discuss with the local leaders the cause of the disturbances and eventually decide how it can be prevented in the near future from happening.

 

Western Gharri Region is under seized Sunday October 10, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

       According to reports received from Moyale, the scheduled referendum for Moyale District has been canceled until further notice. Also, Moyale and all adjacent cities are under occupation of the Ethiopian army, and no body knows how long this occupation will last.

      The excitement and anticipation of finishing a much-awaited referendum that was thought to be within an arm’s reach, now appears to be a thing of the past. Our reporter said that the government’s inability to take action against the perpetrators regardless of their party line has been blamed for what has happened on October 09, 2004 and thereafter.

      The Oromo region has made it clear during the Gumi Gayu meeting to let the government and others know their intention or position and that if they realize that they will lose the occupation of the Gharri land through the referendum. They will fight to take it back by force and or do every thing possible to disrupt and stop the process from going through. So, our reporter said they just did that yesterday, and the much-awaited referendum has been canceled indefinitely.

    

Western Gharri Region is under seized Saturday October 09, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

       0n Saturday, October 09, 2004, early in the morning local time, the Oromo region administrators brought thousands of its peasants from abroad to force themselves into the Gharri Bulladi in Moyale district and to claim that they are residents of the Bulladi too. Upon receiving the information and witnessing the first 10 buses full of Oromo peasants’ and street thugs from Hagger Mariam, Yavelo, and Mega areas, the Bulladi residents began forming human shields at the main entrance to block them.

      However, the Oromo drivers’ decided to run them over.  Most of the peasants and hoodlums whom were armed with machetes, knives, and sticks, got off from the vehicles and began fighting with the Gharri Bulladi residents in order to clear the way for the rest of the buses and trucks to enter the Bulladi. The Gharri people responded with stones and sticks. So, full-fledged fighting erupted thereafter. As a result of that, handreds of people were injured from both sides and it took army helicopters and massive ground troops over two hours to separate them. However, all three kebeles in Moyale are now under seized by Ethiopian army personal who are trying to curtail the situation and stone throwers from both sides.

      In addition, according to report received from EL Goff, thousand of armed Oromo militias were seen at Didd Guchi heading toward EL Goff. Our reporter stated that a general public gatherings and an official counts was completed at Beede and EL Goff on October 8, 2004. Not one single Oromo person or supporter was found at either location. So, all these disturbances and fighting were intended to stop the referendum process to take place.

Also, Bulladi was scheduled to have a general public gathering and head counts “mololongo” today, but now it is unclear if the process will continue or will be extended indefinitely because of what has happened today. Furthermore, our reporter said EL Goff residents have already started distributing voting cards, but now that too has been disrupted by the Oromo thugs surrounding EL Goff.

    

 

   Latest Gharri News Update: Friday October 08, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

        A general public gathering and head counts at six locations in Moyale district was successfully completed on October 7, 2004. However, accusations and counter accusations continues between the Gharri and Oromos each accusing the other of smuggling people from other parts of the country and from Kenya.

      According to eyewitness reports, four community leaders consisting of two from each political party (the Somali and Oromo) has been picked without any official headcounts to assist the election boards at Wachile.

       The Ethiopian election board commissions and judicial representatives have reviewed the Oromo’s request to create nine new sub locations in the Gharri region. subsequently, the Gharri region administrators filed a complaint. After five days of careful reviewing of the preceding decisions that were signed by both states presidents (the Oromo and Somali) and listening to both sides’ arguments, they have upheld the previous decision that there will be no creation of a new location over or near the existing locations. Therefore, the Bulladi, Beede, and EL Goff locations will participate in the upcoming referendum. So, the general public gathering is expected to begin today Friday October 08, 2004 at the above-mentioned three locations in order to pick their representatives

 

Latest Gharri News Update: Wednesday October 06, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

       According to eyewitness reports from Moyale, a team of the Ethiopian election boards has arrived on October 03, 2004. They have met with all district administrators and community elders and informed them to have three knowledgeable residents of those communities to join them to help determine the true residents from a newly arrived people whom were smuggled in by both side of the political parties (Oromo and Somali states.)

       Also, they said the only effective way to pick those community leaders who will work with them through out this very important election is to call for a general public gathering and let the public chose by a majority of votes. Therefore, massive public gatherings have been scheduled for October 07, 2004 to take place simultaneously at all six locations at 8:00am in the morning.

     However, our correspondent stated that Bulladi, Beede and EL Goff locations are not going to participates in this important public gatherings to pick their community representatives  because of on going litigations for time beings.

 

Latest Gharri News Update: Tuesday September 28, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

          According to eyewitness reports, the Moyale and Uddatt districts areas in the Western Gharri Region have received much needed rain.

      On September 26, 2004, a passenger vehicle owned by Mr. Rasheed Mamo has over turned at Kotich Harrelle which is located about 16 kilometers from Moyale city. One female passenger has died and 6 others were injured, but the extents of their injuries are unknown at this time.

        The Oromos attempt to take over Galgalu Dimtu and Arda Olla sub locations in Moyale District have failed. Now they are behaving like rabid animals or going to extreme lengths playing war drums in order to scare the Gharri people, so that they   could ran away from their motherland. But our correspondent said that although the Oromos are acting like a rabies -infected run away dogs that tries to bite everything’s that comes in its way, the Gharri people are not inclined to run from it, and are ready to face what ever the Oromos have to bring it to them.

    

    Latest Gharri News Update: Monday September 27, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor    

       Mr. Adan Edin Abdi and Mr. Gurach A. Karrolle were presumed dead after they were missing for over a week. The two men left Nagale heading to the Uddatt District, and they never reached their destination Therefore; the Gharri people are blaming the Oromo Guji thugs as the killers of the two men. Furthermore, up to 100 Gharri gold miners are missing since September o6, 2004, from the Burchichi Gold mine.  Therefore, their fates are unknown at this time, and the Gharri leaders have hired and sent a third party investigator to gold mine to find out the status of those men.

        Also, 300 Gharri herds that were looted by Oromo hoodlums on Sept. 06, 2004 from the Maddar area have been recovered; and the authorities are still searching for more herds.

         According to news received from Moyale, the Oromo region administrators have managed to smuggle over 10, 000 of their supporters to Moyale from Agermariam, Yavelo, Mega, and Borbor area and more people are coming in daily. Our reporter said that the reason why that many Oromo people being smuggled is to participate in the upcoming referendum and win the Moyale District as part of the Oromo region.

        The Gharri people have complained to the Ethiopian authorities in the area, but they were told that nothing could be done about smuggled people, and told to do the same.

   

      Latest Gharri News Update: Monday September 20, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

            Massive public gatherings are taking place in 9 locations in Moyale District. According to our correspondent, the public gatherings were called for by the Oromo region four to determine the population make up in the disputed areas as a form of sample polling. So, our reporter stated that the Kenya/Ethiopian border has been closed to curbs voter fraud, Or curb people from crossing over and casting votes. However, already accusation of human trafficking has become the talks of the day, that the Oromos have smuggled the Borana and Gabras from Tuqa, Sogda, and Malbbee areas to show up for today’s public gathering mainly in Moyale.

           Similar public gatherings were called and took place at the same 9 locations on September 01, 2004, and only a handful of Oromos and their supporters showed up, while over 10,000 Gharri supporters took almost the entire field. Therefore, upon realizing that if a referendum was held in Moyale and Malab, then, they had no chance to win or gain any of the disputed lands. Soon after, the Oromo politicians protested and complained that their supporters were intimidated and blocked from coming through, and they also accused the Gharri people of bringing people from Somalia and Kenya. However, they failed to produce any evidence of wrongdoing or human trafficking by the Gharri people.  But they requested for a second public gathering, and that was why today’s gathering was scheduled at first place. So, we will inform you as soon as the final results become available

 

   Latest Gharri News Update: Thursday September 09, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor    

         According to reports received from Moyale, the death toll has reached 9. Eight of the 9 killed are Hussein Girro Durro, Ali Malin Abdow, Mallaya Edin Guracha, Abdow Ibrahim Hamaroy, Dhakelow Isaap Imid, Issaqow Gedo, Edin Abdi Mohamed, Aliyow Malin Hassan.

         Also, Abdiya Mohamed Qalla, Hassanow Hassan Aliyo, Malin Mohamed Hassanow, Eimoy Hassan Kulla, Mohamed Umar Dagle, and Isaaq Imid are among the injured victims of the Oromo terrorist. In addition, our correspondent confirmed that some of the ringleaders and the financiers of the terrorist organization have been arrested including the Arero Woreda Administrator.

         Furthermore, there is meeting going on in Madder between government officials and madder residents and the authorities are trying to calm the people and helping to return to their respected former residences.

 

A season Of Ethnic cleansing has began against the Gharri people by Oromo terrorist: Wednesday September 08, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor        

           On September 6, 2004, Oromo terrorist raided Madar. According to eyewitness accounts, six people were killed, six wounded and two are missing. Three of the wounded are not expected to survive. Furthermore, they raided over 12 nearby villages and got away with an unspecified numbers of herds (“DANAB”), however, the numbers of casualties are not known there at this time due to lack of accessibility as there are no roads connecting to many of those villages.  Rescue and recovery teams have been sent to the area and we will report it as soon as we receive new developments

 

News Brief From the Gharri Region:  Tuesday August 31, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor

            According to reports received from Moyale, the head of the Moyale area Ethiopian security enforcement, Mr. Abera  Ayela has been implicated in the bombing incident. One of the Oromo rebels who was captured at the scene on August 22,2004 allegedly confessed that he was one of the internal Oromo conspirators and Mr. Aberra Ayela is their leader. He was in charge of the campaign to disrupt any attempt to determine the land ownership.

            Our correspondent stated that the Oromo politicians knew that if the process went through, they would have no chance of gaining any disputed land or towns. So, this is the only way they thought they would have a chance to prolong the control of Gharri’s natural resources. 

                    In addition,the perpetrator said Mr. Ayela is the rebel’s main contributor and one of the main planners who decides, who is the target, when to carry out a crime, and the escape route. He added that Mr. Aberra Ayela was involved in all the criminal activities that took place in Moyale City and a collaborated with the Oromo rebels. Our reporter said the man had a written statement in his pocket allegedly written by Mr. Aberra Ayela, instructing him when to trigger the explosives or bombs.

                        Furthermore, Mr. Aberra Ayela was the same man who was believed tohave carried out the Arero Massacre of 2000, in which 83 innocent Gharri womenand children were slaughtered.Also, one of the threewounded men has died and he was a Guarage ethnic.

                        The Oromo criminals such as Aberra Ayela are targeting the Guaragepeople, because the Guarage people in Moyale have decided to vote for the Gharrimajority in the upcoming referendum. The killing was politically motivated andintended to teach them a lesson. Said the source

 

News Brief From the Gharri Region:  Monday August 23, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

On Sunday August 22, 2004 at about midnight, a bomb exploded near a popular hotel in Moyale in the Gharri Region.  Three people were injured but they are expected to survive.

        According to our correspondent, three Oromo individuals are in custody, and one of the perpetrators has implicated the Oromo rebels as the people behind the incident.

        It is believed that the Oromo rebels and its people are nervous that the will loose most of the disputed lands if the upcoming referendum is held peacefully and now they are trying to stop and or disrupt this process from going through.

 

News Brief From the Gharri Region:  Tuesday August 10, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

Ethiopia:  The Gharri people in Moyale district have began distributing voting cards for the upcoming referendum. The Moyale residents are so anxious and unhappy about the government’s strategy in ordering the relocation of the Gharri police forces from the Disputed land area. They believe that the government has a hidden agenda and that it may take over the administration of the District. According to our correspondent from Moyale, the Gharri and the Borana police forces have been ordered to relocate and will be replaced by neutral federal police forces. Our reporter indicated that the Government informed the town ship councils that it is for security reasons in order to keep peace and tranquility in the area during the election and to curtail unforeseen criminal elements.

Kenya:

           According to the information received from Nairobi, the Mandera Gharri city councils have endorsed to elect a Murale individual as Mayor of Mandera city against the wishes of the Gharri people There’s no Gharri candidate running for the Mayoral ship. However, there are two candidates running for the mayoral ship, including one from Degody and the second one from the Murale.

        The Gharri people want to elect the Degody candidate while Adan Mohamed Nura and his entourages are pushing hard and perusing to elect the Muralle clan’s man. There are rumors that the Murale clan has managed to buy their souls through Adan Mohamed Nura and their votes will be influenced by the ransom (bribe) money.

 

       News Brief From the Gharri Region  July 28, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor 

        The Gharri people are waiting for officials from Jigjiga and other dignitaries to arrive for official ceremonies and the election of the Mayor, deputy Mayor, Speaker of the house, and Secretary for the Uddatt district.

       Also, all eyes are on Moyale district, that it will be determined within the next sixty days whether the Moyale district will fall under the Somali region or the Oromo region. According to the current Ethiopian constitution the majority people or the clan that holds 51% or more will administer the disputed district.  Therefore, our informant stated that the Gharri people are the majority in Moyale, holding 75% of the population.

       In addition, the Borana leaders have accused one of the Gharri elders, and businessman of killing one of their community leaders earlier this month. So, they are threatening to assassinate him.

         Also, we have received sad news that Mr. Dawit Intalo has passed away on July 27, 2004, so, we ask you to pray and send sympathy to his wives and children.

 

Gharri Have Celebrated In Huge Numbers. Monday July 19, 2004, by Gur Gharri, GSG News Contributor      

        On July 18, 2004. Uddatt became a full Gharri District. The Gharri people have celebrated in huge numbers and are still celebrating all over the Northwestern Gharri Region in Ethiopia.

        According to our correspondent, people from all walks of life, young and old alike were chanting, dancing, and singing on the streets through out the Gharri region in Ethiopia.

       It was a joyful, and victorious day for our people. Also, it is a moral victory that despite long struggles and stiff oppositions from the Oromos and the Ogaden thugs, at the end they prevailed victoriously. Now all the eyes are on the Moyale District.

 

Major news from Gharri District: by Gur Gharri June 21, 2004

GSG has learned that the Gharri victims prayers have been answered and those refugees who have been suffering in EL Danaba concentration Camp have been repatriated to their homes to Butte and Gurar.  According to an eyewitness report, the Ajurans attacked the area PC upon hearing that, the Gharri victims were about to be repatriated to their homeland. We heard that they did tested their own medicine, that the perpetrators were apprehended and are in jail waiting sentencing for their crimes against the PC.

Disturbing News From the Gharri Konfur Region

According to news received from Mogadishu, Somalia, a well-known Gharri businessman and community icon, Mr. Mohamed Rasheed was ambushed by Somali Thugs in Mogadishu. Originally, the Somali hoodlums plan was to abduct him and demand a ransom, but upon realizing that they weren’t going to succeed, they shot him in cold-blood injuring him very seriously. Now he is in intensive care and may not survive.

             Also, the federation of RRA and Eelay bandits, waged war on the Gharri people in Bulo Fulay and BisiqAdey area on June 19, 2004 in an attempt to wipeout the Gharri people from the region. However, the Somali bandits (Thugs) dreams were short lived. Determined Gharri warriors and gallant young men accompanied with ululating brave Gharri women were able to defeat them.

    

News Brief From Gharri Region: by Gur Gharri June 20, 2004 

         The Oromo rebels attempt to loot a Gharri village near EL Goff, has failed. On June 17, 2004, the Gharri militia received a tip from Oromo informant, that, the fleeing Oromo rebels are about to attack a Gharri village near EL Goff. So, upon receiving the news, the Gharri militias were dispatched and they intercepted it before the rebels infiltrate inside the residential area.

The fighting ensued, one rebel was killed and one Gharri militia was wounded. He is expected to recover. According to eyewitness report, the rest of the rebels fled in disarray and leaving behind the dead rebel, guns and unspecified amount of ammunitions.

Our reporter said that, the Oromo rebels have lost their base and safe haven in Kenya. Now they are on the run and are “panic-stricken like a cat on a hot tin roof.” So, they are single-mindedly targeting the Gharri herders to loot for ration.

 

Situational Report From The Gharri Region: June 14, 2004 By Gur Gharri  

         The EL Wake (Boru Hache) situation is very calmed. As one of our elders said, our people’s confidence has been restored and our young women are able to do their daily chores without fear of been raped. Thanks to our brave men who sacrificed much to safe guard our beloved land and the Gharri’s dignity. For the first time in over forty years, the shadow borderline that has served as a barrier between our two communities has disappeared.

        According to reliable news received from Moyale, Kenyan and Ethiopian arm forces are conducting joint operations in the Eastern province of Kenya to root out the criminal element that has threaten peace and tranquility for the people living around the borderline

         Our informant said, so far, 6 O.L. F rebels have been captured along with one of the well-known supporters of the Oromo rebels by the name of Roba Abba mal-le.  So, the Oromo rebels are on the run.

 

News Brief From The Gharri District: May 9, 2004, by Gur Gharri  

       Five men were arrested on Friday May 07, 2004 in EL Wake, including four Gharri and one Murralle individual. The four Gharri men were Mr. Salad Adan Barricha, Chief Hussein Adan Khalif, Councilor Dima, and a driver of a vehicle where two Murralle men were allegedly taken out and murdered in April 2004. One Murralle man was only identified as Councilor Nunow.

        Furthermore, as tensions mounted between the Gharri and Ajuran, the Kenya government ordered armed military intervention, and now there is a massive military buildup in and around the Ines Teno area which was intended to curtail the Gharri people from retaliating against the Ajuran for the killing of three of their citizens.

Also, Six people were killed in a fight between two Marehan factions over control of Belled Hawo located near Mandera. Our reporter said two people were injured in Mandera town by gunshots from belled Hawo, and one of the injured is in critical condition.

 

News Brief From Gharri Region: May 03, 2004, by Gur Gharri

   On April 30, 2004, Ajurana Thugs raided two Gharri herders in Dharken Torban Near Qofolle, and murdered Mr. Abdi Usuman Aeymoy and kidnapped two young men in their twenties.

         On May 02, 2004, the torture and mutilated bodies of the two victims were found in Qofolle area. The two victims were identified as Aliyow Malin Hassan Isaaq and Rashid Ibrahim Ibren. Now the area PC has ordered the Kesnyan Arm forces to safeguard the Ajuran Communities from possible retaliation from the Gharri Communities.

        Also, according to news received from Moyale Kenya, two Ires Teno Chiefs, who were let go in March 2004,  have been ordered to go back to their previous location.

 

News Brief From Gharri Region: April 19, 2004, by Gur Gharri

The Moyale District election has been ratified. The winners of the city Mayoral seat and speaker of the house position including deputy mayor and assistant Speaker has been filled.

Mr. Ibrahim Bitati was elected as Mayor and Mr. Shukri Ed Dhayow as Speaker of the house. The deputy Mayor went to the Gabra and another minority was given the position of assistant speaker of the house. The Uddatt District election has not been ratified yet.

 

News brief from Gharri DISTRICT:by Gur Gharri  Tuesday March 30,   2004

        News received from Gharri District indicates that the Kenyan government has ordered the closure of its border with Somalia. According to our correspondent, the Mandera-Bellede Hawa, EL Wake-EL Waq and all other points of entry to the country have been closed. One Gharri owned vehicle was seized and its owner who is a resident of Kutulo was arrested as well.

  

News brief from Gharri Region:by Gur Gharri  Sunday March 28,   2004

         GSG has learned that an unknown group of men terrorized school children. The information reached us from Moyale indicates that hundreds of school children were injected with unknown substances against their wills, while they were going home from schools or walking to schools. Three of the perpetrators have been captured. They clamed to be from the  Sakuye clan, and were hired by an unspecified agency to commit this heinous crime. So, the mater is under investigation.

         The Ethiopian soldiers and Oromo rebels clashed in the Moyale borderline and have clamed one Gharri bystander at Soko Marata. On March 26, 2004

          Furthermore, Ires Tino and Sakee Chiefs have been let go and replaced by Ajuran. However, the area residents are not willing to accept the new chiefs. So, peace and tranquility in the area is in jeopardy

 

        News brief from Gharri Region:by Gur Gharri  Wednesday March 10,   2004

       For the past 12 years, they were the only bullies in town. The Marehan forces have been terrorizing area residents, robbing, and killing innocent people daily. They have murdered fourteen Gharri citizens in cold blood, without any provocation.

        On October 14, 2003, a small but determined Gharri force took control of their District and around the EL Waq oasis.  Since then, the Marehan has been trying so hard to mobilize the other clan forces in the area through lies telling other Hawiye clans that EL Waq has been taken over by Ethiopian forces but, was not able to convince others. Now we have learned that they were able to fool the Murralles and are now pressing on to take over EL Wake (Boru Hache). However, we are confident that if they acted on their rhetoric’s, at the end, our forces will prevail.   Victory to the Gharri people.

     

News brief from Gharri Region:by Gur Gharri  Saturday March 06,   2004       

       GSG has learned that in the past two weeks 8 Gharri Citizens have died. Two men died in EL Dorete, three people died in EL Wake including two women and three people died in Moyale. According to our correspondent, six of the eight people were died from various illnesses, and the other two who died in EL Dorete were killed by a car accident.

       The dispute between the Wargadud, Borehole 11 and the EL Wake residents over the Girls Boarding school project has been settled, and the Girls boarding school will be built in EL Wake.

 

News brief from Gharri Region: by Gur Gharri  Sunday February 22,   2004

       GSG has learned that last month’s election in Dolo district was cancelled.  Our correspondent stated that the election was canceled due to Degodia’s misconduct in cheating the Gharri Marro and other smaller clans in the area. They switched ballot boxes and voting cards in order to deny others the right to participate and have representative of their own.

       Also, the Degody and some election boards were accused of placing almost all of the polling places in the Degody clan populated area, where is not accessible for others to go and vote. So, new elections will be scheduled in the near future, for Dolo, Jijiga, and Shinillee Districts.

 

News brief from Gharri District: by Gur Gharri  Thursday February 12,   2004

        The Mandera West constituency has received two Ambulances that will serve, the Takaba and Banissa area residents in the Gharri district.

         According to our informant, the Mandera District Commissioner and MP visited Gharri citizens living between the Mandera-Wajir boundary and the Somali Kenya borderline. They witnessed large numbers of the Gharri people living in a vast land, with out schools, Mosques, or Clinics and no any government officials or area MPs in the previous Kenya government personnel has ever visited or even knew they existed. As a result, the two officials, agreed to build Schools, Mosques, and water projects for them.

         In addition, the delegation headed by the above mentioned officials verified that the alleged Shifta take over of the EL Wake area was false and unfounded.

           Moreover, the Gharri brave young men have stored peace and tranquility in EL Waq area, and even the Marehan clan has began expressing their appreciation for our young men’s restoration of peace. There is not a single incident reported since they took over the area patrol on October 14, 2003. Furthermore, the Gharri-Marehan peace conference is going on in Nairobi, Kenya.

         Also, about 60 Gharri people went to Hajji from the Gharri District, and all of them have successfully completed the Hajji and more than half had returned already. Not one single Gharri person was hurts in last month’s incident in the stampede.

         According to a report received from Nairobi Kenya, the Wajer North MP Dr. Abdulahi Ali AKA “Kabareta” was arrested and jailed for 3 days. However, he was released after he posted bail. He has not been seen in public since.

 

Gharri News Brief; by Gur Gharri  Sunday January 25,   2004   

            The Somali regional state election for the region wide district representatives has begun on Saturday night or Sunday their time,  January 25, 2004. So, The Gharri people of Moyale and Uddatt Districts, went to the pools as scheduled without any incidence. they turned out in record numbers to elect 159 representatives.

Eight city administrators will be selected from the   159 District parliaments.  A mayor, a Speaker, and two assistants will be chosen from the 159 representatives for each district. So, we will let you know as soon as the pools close and the winners declared.

          According to an eyewitness report from Dire Dawa Ethiopian, three locations including Jijiga and two other locations near Dire Dawa have been postponed due to a disagreement regarding who should be nominated to run. therefore, it was not parts of today’s election.

 

Gharri District’s News Brief; by Gur Gharri  Tuesday January 13,  2004

According to an eyewitness report from EL Wake, Gharri District, the Gharri people have asked the Murrale herders to get out of the Gharri grazing area. As a result, some Murrale herders have moved out of the area, while others remained behind. It is rumored that some Gharri ex community leaders are supporting those remaining Murralle migrants. Subsequently it created a verbal feud between the two communities, as well as amongst the Gharri themselves.

          Also, the Muralle clan has agreed to pay blood money in the amount of 600,000 Shillings, in which 150, 000 shillings has been collected already.

         In addition, our reporter indicated that the Gharri and the Ajuran clan’s elders have made an agreement for the Gharri clan to pay blood money for the Ajuran victim that was allegedly killed by an unnamed Gharri person a month ago in December 2003, near Gurar

We are saddened to report that two Gharri young entrepreneurs and outstanding community members, Mr. Hussein Abdow and Haji Abdula Roqa were killed on January 11 in a car accident between Chiracho and Nakuru.

          So, on behalf of the entire Gharri Support Group in North America, may Allah bless their souls and ease and give strength to their loved one. To all surviving loved ones, Please accept our warmest Sympathy and our thoughts are with you and be strong.

 

Gharri District’s News Brief; by Gur Gharri  Sunday January 04,  2004

          According to our correspondent from EL Wake, the Marehan clan has paid $610,000 in blood money for the murdered Gharri man’s family and the remaining $190,000 will be paid very soon.  Both populations of the twin Cities, “EL Wake” are enjoying peace and tranquility, thanks to our brave young men.  Also, an unusually heavy rain has been reported throughout the Gharri region. So, the farmers and the herders alike all are enjoying the blessings of Allah.

 

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Latest News Update From Central Gharri Region June 10,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to an eyewitness report from EL Waq, the Gharri Defense Force (GDF) are holding 15 Marehan prisoners of war in Boru Hache that were captured on June 09, 2005. Also, two armored trucks were captured along with its armories. Our reporter said that most of the enemy combatants were killed or wounded and the rest escaped in disarray. The Tyrant Farah Bulle Abdi, Iftiin Mohamud Umar  aka iftiin-dheere, and Hire Sh. Hassan Iftiin were amongst the dead.

 

BORU-HACHE HAS BEEN LIBERATED June 09, 2005 byGur Gharri GSG News ContributorAccording to a report received from Bore 11 Gharri District, Kenya, the tyrant Yusuf Kanttee and his ill trained street thugs were removed from EL Waq town on June 09, 2005 at 8:00 am local time. Also, intercepted fleeing Marehan radio communiqué confirmed that they have bailed out of the city without shoes running for their lives.  However, there are no numbers of casualties available at this time.

 

June 03,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to information received from moyale on May 31 2005, five-gabra manatta were raided by borana mobs. It is believed that thousands of   cattle were taken and several hundred people were killed including 2 Kenyan police officers. Mr. Mohamed Rago Ursa and Mr. Mohamed Hapicha’s cattle were among the looted herds.

The Gharri Support Group conference was held in Atlanta GA on May 28-29. It was very successful. It was agreed that we continue meeting once a year at different locations or states. Also, a national committee of eleven members was created. This committee is responsible to come up with or to create a common theme that will enable each GSG community in every state represented at the conference. Those committee members are expected to come up with their own community financial planning that will benefit Gharri citizens in all 3 regions.                                                                                       

           The self declared SNF (Somali National Front) Marehan street thugs have stolen about 40 Gharri camel and 30 cattle, which belonged to the Borre 11Gharri residents. Animal stealing has risen to the highest level it ever has been. The thieves are not the Somali National Front (SNF), but the Marehan street hasstlers and known thugs headed by Yusuf Kantee. According to our correspondent, the frequency of animal robberies in the past two months has been unprecedented and surpassed all the animals stolen in 2001, 2002and 2003 combined. Yusuf Kantee had tried to use those looted animals as a negotiating tools to legitimize himself as a man to be reckoned with. However, his days are numbered and he will pay dearly for his crime against the EL Waq and Boru-Hache residents.

 

April 18,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

LATEST NEWS UPDATE FROM GHARRI DISTRICT    Gharri soldiers have defended their motherland successfully once again. The enemy militias have been crushed. The latest information received from EL Waq indicates that 20 enemy forces were killed, or captured and many more were wounded. The rest of the so-called “SADE MILITIAS” escaped in disarray. Victory to the Gharri people.

 

April 18,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Breaking news from EL Wake April 18, 2005, By Gur Gharri GSG news contributor  According to eyewitness reports from EL Waq The Sade militias headed by Col.Yusuf Mohamed Abdiqadir assistant minister of Garsor, Abdiyare Duqoow and Jamal Xasan Sareey raided EL Waq from five corners at 7am local time. The initial report states that nineteen enemy militias were killed and two technical armored vehicles were destroyed. However, fighting is on going at this time and we will inform you as soon as further information is available.

 

April 08,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

New fire has erupted in Mandera front line: According to information received from Gharri District, on April 07, 2005, the Marehan hoodlums’ ambushed two young Gharri entrepreneurs in Bul-Hawo, Somalia. One man died instantly in the hail of bullets, and the second one in near death fighting for his life, as he is not expected to live. Also, GSG has learned that massive Marehan militias have been seen gathering at Dhamassa preparing to invade EL Waq

 

April 04,  2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

On April 2, 2005, the Oromo region administrator ordered the torturing of forty Gharri inmates. According to an eyewitness report, the inmates were severely beaten with the bottom of an AK47 and were locked up in ten by ten room, without windows, or ventilation. Twenty-two of the inmates suffocated and collapsed. However, the Ethiopian arm forces rescued them. The perpetrators were not punished and the reasons why those imamates were tortured are unknown. However, there are speculations that the inmates were tortured in order to break the Gharri people’s spirits and intimidate other non-Gharri citizens so that if they lined with and voted for the Gharri people, they too will be tortured accordingly.

Thus far the Moyale referendum elections were scheduled over a dozen time in which each stated election had failed to complete due to fraud and collaborative effort of Oromo leadership and Ethiopian election boards members to change the election outcome when expected election result will show that Gharri people will be victorious. Again, for the third times in a week, the Ethiopian election board members upon realizing that the Gharri population out numbered the Oromos had changed the Moyale referendum election date. So, it has been rescheduled for Thursday April 07, 2005. Therefore, they have began engaging in an smear campaign against the Gharri people by engaging in an unauthorized and illegal investigation by going house to house, confiscating over two hundred voting cards from Gharri citizens. They accused the Gharri people for being a majority in location 02 and they are determined to cancel the Gharri voting cards in order to help the Oromos win the Moyale referendum.

Also, GSG has learned that the Murale and Gharri conference in Mandera is on its second day, according to conference participants, they are discussing about peaceful coexistence not the return of the Murales to the Gharri land. The Corner tribes, Degody and Marehan elders were excluded from this Gharri and Murale peace conferences alleging that they are perceived to be part of the problem between these two communities.

 

March 23, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to information received from Gharri District, on March 21, 2005 the Kenyan arm forces went to Wargadud and take over the water posts, confiscated the key from the Gharri citizen, and demanded that the Gharri citizens trade in guns with the key to the water wells. However, they let the locals have access to the water, but sill are putting too much pressuring the locals hoping that the wargadud residents will turn in illegal fire arms.

Adan Mohamed Noor and Diqaya Dido have been released on bail. However, 35 Ires Teno residents are still in Wajir jail. Their next hearing has been scheduled for April 10, 2005. Also, Sheikh Hassan Adan Khalif has been re-arrested.

Gharri people have turned in 1 million shillings in blood money in lieu of the 100 camels they were imposed to pay earlier during the peace accord. Also, Murales have been instructed to bring in 24 million shillings or 2,400 camels, but their elders requested to be given four days extension so that they could go to their countrymen for consultation or discussion.

The Moyale referendum process is going smoothly, our reporter said it’s going better than expected

 

Western and Central Gharri regions news update March 21, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

A Much awaited Moyale referendum process has began today. It was agreed on to start the referendum process through in an unconventional way. The authorities agreed to house count and distribute voting ballots to its inhabitants. So, the local authorities were given nine days to complete the referendum and determine which region would take over the Moyale district administration.

Northeastern Province Kenyan government officials headed by internal security minister Mr. John Michuki and NEP PC Mr. A. Mwassera, have met with the Gharri district officials and local leaders to discuss the EL Golicha Massacre. They were not able to finish their discussion, and the meeting ended without any results. GSG has learned that, over a dozen people were injured and a dozen more were jailed. Our reporter stated that the trouble started when a booing mob interrupted Mr. Shaban’s speech, and the Murale thugs started throwing objects into crowd. Subsequently, the mutiny of women and children took the street and went berserk thereafter.

According to meeting participants in Madera town, the NEP PC was confronted with an erroneous report that he made regarding EL Golicha Massacre in regard to who the perpetrators were. Therefore, he acknowledged that he made a bad judgment and apologized for it. Mr. Mwassera said that the people who orchestrated these problems misinformed him and that the killers did not came from Somalia, but from Kenyan, and he promised to take action against those who are behind these heinous crimes.

 

March 15, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Breaking News from central Gharri region

On March 14, 2005, at 5: 30 am, Murale thugs raided Gharri village between EL Golicha and EL Qalla. They slaughtered twenty-two defenseless women, children, and wounded three.

 

March 10, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Wajir DC and his team met with the Western Gharri region administrators, the Ethiopian government and security force’s representatives in Moyale on March 09, 2005. During the meeting, they discussed recent Qaddaduma incidents, but they failed to reach an agreement. The Kenyan delegates want to retrieve a seized vehicle and deceased soldier’s gun. However, they failed to sign documents saying Kenyan police forces were at fault about what has happened on March 5, 2005 in Qaddaduma. It was the Kenyan police force who caused the incident by disturbing the peace in and around the common border area. They crossed over to the Ethiopian a sovereign nation and raided Qaddaduma, which led to the seizure of their vehicle and the soldier’s death at first place.  Our reporter said, that the Kenyan authorities agreed that they were at fault but said they did not have the authority to sign such documents. Therefore, the meeting was postponed until later date in the near future.
EL Wake: The fighting is still on going between the Gharri and the Murales in EL Wake. According to a report received from EL Wake one Gharri Kenyan soldier escorting the Kaa beer vehicles was ambushed and  injured at Babbo near Rhamo when Murale thugs opened fire indiscriminately on moving vehicles. Also, one Gharri militia was wounded near Qorrobo Shannani and 9 enemy militias were killed.
About 20 Marehan elders came to EL Wake, Kenya to discuss friction between the Gharri and the Murales, but the Gharri elders did not welcome them, because the Marehan clan was perceived to be siding with the Murales.

 

Breaking news from central Gharri region    March 08, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Murale-Marehan bandits have raided Wargadud town March 07, 2005, at 5:00pm local time just after the Assir prayer was completed. 

According to eyewitness reports, if they had not been detected by one of the Gharri home guards and alerted the small but determined Gharri warriors, they would have slaughtered hundreds of civilians committing an unthinkable genocide. The shooting ensued thereafter, and our brave men were able to repulse them out from the center of town, but the fighting was reported to be on going.

There was no report of any fatalities, but two wounded Gharri citizens Mr. Allow Abdulahi Dherra and Maalin Edin Dubbe’s adult daughter were brought to EL Wake. So, we will inform you, as the latest details of events are available.

 

March 06, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Gharri warriors have recaptured wantee, and Alango from the Murale and Marehan invaders. A week ago, the Murale and Marehan alliance captured the Alango, and Wante Gharri locations. On March 05, 2005 the gallant Gharri warriors fought back and recaptured the two locations. Our reporter said that during this incident, 30 enemies were killed and many more were wounded. Also, two enemy’s supply vehicles were destroyed.

Also, the Kenyan army, police, and ajuran militias raided Ires Theno, and Qaddaduma Gharri towns on 03-05, and the Gharri warriors fought back at Qaddaduma, killing one Kenyan soldier, wounding four, capturing 1 vehicle and destroying two other vehicles. The fleeing Kenyan police rounded up 40 unarmed Gharri citizens, tortured them, and the tortured victims were taken to Wajir and they are now in Wajir jail.

VICTORY TO THE GHARRI PEOPLE

 

March 02, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to reliable information received from Gharri region, the Murale and the Marehan Alliance are ready to strike EL Waq, Wargadud, and other nearby villages at any moments. It has been reported that the NEP commissioner and local government officials have given the Murales seven days per their request to capture those above mentioned Gharri land. Our informant said two days have passed since, and that the Murale and Marehan Alliance has five more days left out of the seven days to clean out the Gharri citizens.

In addition, they have received 260 AK 47 from Mandera DC and are expecting more to come via Mandera. So, the Murale and Marehan Alliance militias are gathering at four locations, including Alango, two locations in Wanttee, and Sukeela as their bases to strike Boru Hache, Wargadud, and other surrounding locations.

Also GSG has learned that one Gharri militiaman was killed in Uddatt district by Guji thugs. Furthermore, a large Guji militia movements has been seen around Malka Allu area and it is believe that they are about to strike the Uddatt town at the time where all the Oromo and the Somali regions Officials are in Moyale discussing peaceful coexistence in the region as well as ways to conduct upcoming Moyale referendum election.

 

Feb. 27, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

GSG has learned that a war between the Gharri and Murale has erupted. According to an eyewitness reported from El Waq, the trouble started after the Murale took over Alango locations a week ago. Subsequently, the Gharri appealed to Mandera DC, in which he put together a peace conference in order to solve the problem. However, while area elders were conducting a peace conference in Mandera, the Murales thugs started causing problems by blocking the Gharri herders’ access to water and took control of Wanttee location and began pushing westward to capture more land. As a result of Murale’s aggression, the Mandera peace conference failed to achieve a meaningful solution. So, on February 25, 2005, fighting started in Alango, and Wanttee areas. Our reported said, the enemy forces were evicted from Alango, but the fighting is still going on around Wanttee.  However, there are no reports of casualties at this time because the shotony is still going on

 

Feb. 15, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to information received from Moyale, the Gharri and Guji peace conference has concluded on Feb. 14, 2005.  They agreed to a ceasefire, but the Gharri has received credible information that the Gujis are mobilizing an all out war against the Gharri people, and a huge militia movement has been seen west of Arero hills.

Also, two Oromo rebels were captured at Godd Adhessa, near Moyale Kenya, after they shot a Borana female at close range. Our informant stated that the two captured Oromo rebels were asked why they tried to kill the Oromo woman, but they replied that  “because she is working with the deserted rebels who are collaborating with the Ethiopian soldiers.”

Furthermore, GSG has learned that the Gharri people have received information that the Oromo rebels are working with the Ajurana’s militias in and around Butte and Gurar and are planning to attack the Gharri people from Qaddaduma, Godoma, and Dhokissu areas, at the same time that the Gujis attacks from Uddatt.

Also, the Somali transitional government cabinets have requested foreign soldiers to take over EL Waq, until it establishes it’s own militias. However, our informant said the Gharri people are not willing to accept this proposal and they are ready to defend the Gharri territories by any means necessary at any cost.

The Moyale referendum is still on hold, but it has been agreed to continue. In addition, the house of federation has rejected the Oromos requests to held referendum by way of house count and its inhabitants. Therefore, a referendum will be held sometimes after the federal election ends this spring or early summer.

 

Feb. 09, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Gharri and Murale peace conference was held in Mandera on Feb. 07, 2005. according to information received from EL Wake, the conference was ended without reaching an agreement. The Gharri participants reaffirmed their position, that they will agree to the proposed peace treaty and are willing to pay blood camels, but they will not allow the Murales to come back to resettle on Gharri land.

Also the Murales stated that if they are not allowed to go back to their previous grazing land, they do not want the Gharri people to remain living in Mandera and Kutulo areas, east of the Mandera-EL Wake road.  Furthermore, the Murales demanded that the Gharri militias be removed from EL Waq the Eastern Gharri region. However, our reporter said that the Gharri people did not take the Murale’s demand seriously, because he said it is nothing more than preposterous statement from desperate theifs crying for mercy

 

Feb. 05, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Breaking News From Western Gharri Region.

On Feb. 04, 2005, the Oromo militias waged a full-fledged war on the Uddatt district from three fronts. Madder, on the northwest, Hobblo Chafa on the North, and Dire Dimtu on the Northeast.  According to information received from Uddatt, 8 enemies were killed, many were wounded and the rest escaped in disarray. However, there is no detailed information available from two of the other frontlines at this time, because the fighting is still going on.

According to information received from, the area, the Oromo region administrators tried to fool the Gharri people by installing the Oromo militias at Maddar post as Police forces keeping peace and order.  Based on past experiences, the Gharri people did not believe its motives and began monitoring the rebel’s activities. So, within days, the Gharri people witnessed the rebels numbers growing. Also, they have been seen engaging in war simulations and training carrying heavy machineries.

The Gharri militia’s persistence, persevere and patients, paid off on Feb. 04, 2005, when the Oromos made a bold move to invade Uddatt, the Gharri militias was already waiting for them and intercepted the first rebel group at Dire Dimtu, before they reach uddatt, and killed 8 enemies and wounding over a dozen, before the rest escaped in disarray into mountain and bushes.  We will let you know as the stories unfold.

 

January 31, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to information received from Uddatt district Gharri western Gharri region, on January 27, 2005, Gharri militia intercepted Guji rebels before they raided EL Tokee and Bolantee villages killing three and injuring dozens. The rest escaped in disarray.

The central Gharri elders have concluded their reconciliation conference in EL Wake, Kenya, and they have reached an agreement to allow Murales to be resettled in EL Wake. Also, the NEP Somali MPs and the Kibaki government met in secret and agreed to move four hundred Ajuran households to settle in the Ires Tino area, and let the Butte Occupation permanent. Our informant stated that the reason the government and Somali MPs agreed to these terms was to break up the Ethiopian and Kenya Gharri border connection.

 

January 24, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

On January 22, 2005, Guji Oromo thugs ambushed two Gharri citizens at Koob Addi in the Uddatt District Western Gharri Region. According to eyewitness reports, fifteen-year-old Hassan Adan Hussein was killed and Mr. Hassan Mannur Kussow was wounded.

Also, massive Murale and Marehan militia’s movement has been seen near Dhamassa and Wargadud areas. The Kenyan authorities at EL Wake have been informed that a massive heavily armed militia movement around the Kenya Somali border planning to cross over to Somalia and wage war against the Gharri of EL Waaq Somalia. According to our informants, a full-fledged war is imminent in EL Waaq.  So, the EL Waaq residents are very fearful of a Murale-Marehan attack in an attempt to take over the EL Waaq.

 

January 20, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

According to information received, a Gharri magnatta at Galgalo Diimtu in Moyale Kenya was bombed on January 18, 2005. One of the bombs was thrown at the animal’s barns and killing ten cows, wounding two people and nine cattle. The perpetrators are believed to be from Gabra clan.

Also, three Gharri men were ambushed and killed by Guji Oromos in Uddatt the District.

 

January 10, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Five tortured and maimed Gharri women and children have arrived in Nairobi, Kenya to for emergency surgery. Also, five other less injured are in an EL Wake health center and are expected to be sent to Nairobi for treatment. Also the death toll has risen to twelve, and some of the maimed people are not expected to survive. The Kenyan arm forces have been diploid around the EL Wake-Mandera borderline to protect the Murale citizen from reprisal attacks. However, there is no investigation going on to look into who is behind the killings of the innocent women and children.

According to information received from Nairobi Kenya, beside the two Gharri MPs, there is not a single government official who neither visited the Gharri victims nor sent any official condolences. The PC, the Police commissioner nor their deputies went to witness the crime scene or visited those dead and disfigured Gharri women and children. One of the Gharri elder stated that by ignoring these horrendous crimes, they appear to be parts of criminal elements.

 

January 09, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Full-fledged war has erupted in EL Wake. According to information received from EL Wake, Kenya, Murale has raided unsuspecting and unarmed Gharri herders at Wargadud, EL Guya Maddo, Borria Thitu, and Qorrobo Inne locations. Seven dead bodies and five wounded Gharri people were brought to EL Wake hospital.  According to eyewitness report, all the deceased and wounded are women and children. our informant stated that the casualties are expected to rise to 100s. Also, our informant stated that one Gharri student was killed in Wargadud area on Friday January 07, 2005.

 

January 03, 2005 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

          The Gharri and Murrelle feud has escalated to a killing spree. According to information received from Mandera and Nairobi, 9 Murrelles were killed on Friday December 31, 2004 at Ar Dhamasa near Mata Arba located in EL Wake Gharri District. It is believed that since Gharri are not living in the area, the Marehan clansmen may have committed the killings in order to cause a problem between the Gharri and the Murrelle people. Soon after, all of the Murrelle families and herds were evacuated to Oddo and across the river into Degody to safety.

On January 02, 2005 five Gharri citizens were killed, two are missing and one small child was injured near Rhamo. The madness is continuing between the Gharri and the Murrelle.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: by Gur Gharri (GSG) News Contributor December 21, 2004  

Eleven Murralle thugs were captured on December 19, 2004. They confessed killing Mr. Sahal Rashid Abdi Mursa.  According to our reporter, one of the eleven Murralle gangs members was chief Bintow’s brother and they all were arrested at Chief Abdullah Bintow’s village in EL Wake.

      Also, our reporter stated that Mandera Central Gharri MP Mr. Below Kerow and PC are expected to visit Mandera on Wednesday December 22, 2004. Furthermore, unspecified numbers of the Kenyan arm forces personnel are to be deployed to EL Wake to clean up, round up, and disarm all the Murralle gangs.

      The last phase of the dispute resolution committee meetings will begin on Thursday December 22, 2004. They will be discussing how the stalled Moyale referendum will begin. One GSG news contributor interviewed one of the upcoming meeting participant  who don’t want to be identified and he said there are four topics that they will discuss. 1. to turn over the Moyale district administration to the Gharri majority. 2. To have referendum election and let the winning region takes over the administration of the district. 3. To divide the Moyale city into two section and West side of the city section run by the Oromo stated and the other half be managed by the Gharri people. 4. To let the fed takes over the control of the Moyale district. However, the last two topics are not popular among the Gharri people and will not be accepted by them or by the Somali state administration.  So, we will let you know the out come.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: by Gur Gharri (GSG) News Contributor December 16, 2004

The Moyale referendum election is still in limbo. There is a meeting going on in Addis Ababa between the Oromo state, the Somali state, and the federal government representatives regarding the stalled Moyale referendum election. We will report it to you as soon as the information becomes available.

GSG has learned why the Oromos wants to have separate poling places.

1) The Burj supporters told the Oromo officials that they are not going to vote because they are afraid of being arrested due to the fact that, most of them are Kenyan citizens and are not residents of Moyale City.

2) The others said they do not want to be seen as supporters of the Oromo state fearing reprisals or attacks later. Therefore, the Oromo officials ran out of options or alternatives to offer them. So, they are trying to smuggle people in through the back alley, but that too has been exposed.

The two Gharri District’s MPs are expected to visit Moyale.

Victory to the Gharri people

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: by Gur Gharri GSG news contributor December 14, 2004

On December `12, 2004 a Bomb exploded in Burji Maňata, Moyale Kenya. There weren’t any reports of injuries. The Burji are blaming the Gharri people as the perpetrators behind the bomb. But our reporter stated that this is not the first time that a bomb exploded in Burji and they blamed the Gharri people but it was proved to be false and the incidents were proven to be caused by the Burjis themselves. Again this bomb incident appears to be the same bomb that exploded while they were playing with it for training purposes.

In addition, the smuggled Burjis from Kenya have returned back after they herd that non-residents of the disputed location that are caught voting will be jailed up to five years.

Also, the Moyale referendum process has stalled. The Oromo officials have purposed to divide the city in two locations along the main asphalt road, they will conduct the election on one side and the Gharri people will take the other side. According to our reporter, the Oromos are requested to be allowed to have a poling place in the villages rather than in the city on the main road side where the out come is clear and easier for the absorbers to monitor poling place activities. So, the Gharri people have objected to the Oromos request.  Now the matter is on hold until new instructions are received from Addis Ababa.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: December 13, 2004 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Oromo officials are making a mockery out of the Ethiopian government officials.

The Moyale referendum election is still hanging in thin air. The Oromo region officials are trying so hard to win, they have been playing all kinds of tricks that are known to crooks. Now it appears that they have run out of tricks to play. They have used the system as if it is a ball game where the players kicks and passes a ball around as they see fit in order to score and eventually win a ball game.

The Oromos advocated avoiding the normal way of conducting an election by counting houses and issue-voting cards for its inhabitants. The Gharri people fought against the idea of counting homes and issuing voting cards. But the federal election commissioners and election boards twisted the Gharri’s arms and literarily forced the Gharri officials to accept it. The Oromos, the Gharri and the election commissioners and the election board member met on December 10, 2004 to decide how to start the house count and the locations of the polling places. They agreed to have 10 polling places in Moyale, consisting of five location on each side of the two kebels, as well as how they will conduct the house counts; However, when the house count started, and some of the people whom the Oromos believe that they are on their side, said they are supporting the Somalis; Our reporter said, the oromo official’s mood changed right away and started objecting to the Gharri traditional houses “MIN-DASSE” to be counted as houses. Also, they began demanding to stop counting houses and also to be given two more locations that will be off limits for the Gharri people. However, the Oromos demands were denied. Subsequently, the Oromo officials’ boycotted pre-scheduled meetings with the Gharri, and the federal election board on 12-12-2004.

Reports have been sent to Addis Ababa regarding the Oromos decision to boycott and getting out of the decision that they agreed to earlier. So, the local authorities are waiting for the results from Addis Ababa.

The mediation conference between the Gharri and Ajuran has failed. The Ajuran changed the menu and demanded to allow the Ajuran herders be allowed to settle in Irs Teno and creation of police station at Ires Tino. Before they discuss about the return of the EL Danaba refugees to their homeland of Butte.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: December 10, 2004 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

Members of the Ethiopian election board have arrived in Moyale. According to our reporter, they have met with local election commissioners and are discussing ways in which the election will taking place.

Also, the Oromo rebels and Oromo elders from local nomads headed by the Abba Gadda arrived in Moyale to disrupt or sabotage this process, but, they met stiff Gharri resistant, and they were denied to have any public gathering there and were ordered to leave Moyale within 24 hours.

Kenya: The Gharri and the Ajuran conflict resolution conference has began in Garissa. According information receive from Nairobi, the conference participants are discussing repatriation of the EL Danaba refugees and if so, then, how it will be carried so, we will let you posted as soon as information reached us.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: December 09, 2004 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

It has been agreed that the scheduled Moyale referendum election, will be held in January 2005. However, the federal government has ordered to hasten the date of election to fourteen days from today. The referendum election will be held on December 24, 2004. Therefore, 38 members of the election board and their staffs are expected to arrive in Moyale today.

According to our reporter, the election commissioners and the board members will go house to house to determine household sizes. Furthermore, they are planning to have a mass public gathering or “Monolongo” to pick a few community elders to help them determine the residents from the visitors so that they can distribute the voting ballots for eligible residents only.

In addition, the Oromo rebels have announced that they will wage war against the Gharri people to capture the Gharri land.

 

GHARRI REGION NEWS UPDATE: December 02, 2004 by Gur Gharri GSG News Contributor

The Western Gharri region Gharri people are celebrating partial victory. The upcoming referendum will not be held at Bulladi, Gof, Beddee, Chamuq, or Mallab. Also, the Oromo smuggled students, prostitutes, and day laborers who have been brought in to Moyale for the purpose of participating in the referendum election have been baned from participating. So, referendum will be held at the remaining four Kebeles, including 01, 02, Mado Migo and Qabannawa within next two weeks.

  • Much More!

Garri Oral History

Gharri History
By Isaac Omar
INTRODUCTION: The Gharri people are also known as Gurreh, Garre, or Garri, by the Colonialist and they are located in Horn of Africa, (Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia)

BACKGROUND:
Gharri people are believed to be from Arab descent. Like many other African Muslims, they trace their genealogy to the family of the prophet Mohammed (PBUH) “Qurash” They are divided into two major sub clans, Tuf and Quran (Quranyowa.) According to The Gharri oral traditions, almost all of the Gharri elders agree including Sheikh Abdiwahid, one of the well-respected Gharri elders from Gharri Konfur, Gharri was an arab immigrant who came from the Golf of Aden or possibly from “Yeman” He had two sons, Mohamed and Tuf. Mohamed died after he had one son Quran (quranyow). Quran was raised by his uncle Mr. Tuf. Later on he married Mako who is Tuf’s daughter and Quran’s first cousin. Then he (Quran) fathered two sons, Furkesha and Assare. Assarre had two sons, Bana and Kilia.
Furkesha, the brother of Assarre, had seven sons, they were Hodkoya, Birkaya, Hoytra, Darawa, Kalwesha, Hurdeq and “SUBUKITRE”.

Also, the second half of the Gharri branch is Tuf. Tuf is believed to be the uncle and father in law’s of Quran or quranyow, and he had two sons, Ali and Adola. Adola had eight sons. They were Kalwina, Kalmassa, Bursuni, Odomai, Maqabille, Med, Rer Mug and Tubadi.
The Tuf’s second son Ali had three SONS; their names are Kalula, Tawulle and Sabdhawa.But, Sabdawa splits into Rer Kule and Rer Tale. Also, Rer Tale divides into Barra, Rer Ido, Yabia,and Rer Gedi. So, today almost every Gharri person is belonging to one of the above mentioned sub clans of the Gharri people.

Note: Qoothe was missing from the 18 Century Sabdawa branch of Tuff list. Probably it is a combination of Rer Ido and Rer Gedi.

Gharri Tribal Leaders of 18, & 19 Century

Gababa Mohamed: Chief of the Gharri. Even though he lost one of his eye, he was described as “A man of few words but a great leader in battle.”
Mahad Hussein: He was Chief Gababa’s spokesperson and a man of wisdom.
Abdille Alio: Chief of the Gharri on the side of British Colony and he was said to be a pleasant old man and generous who seldom leaves his own village. But, he did not provide that much help to the British imperial army as chief.
Adowa Militia: Chief of the Oitera section. He succeeded his brother Hussein Militia. He was said to be non-cooperative to British army in regard to collecting tributes.they described him as a “full of fetina.” .
Amin Aden: Eldest son of the late Aden Shaba, he inherited chieftainship from his father as a Gharri Chief. He was described as thought of pleasant manners and good intentions. But, was not giving them that much help collecting tributes for them,
Diad Ibrahim: Chief of the Darawa section, but did not get along with Abdille Alio. Also, he was described as “very pro Somali”
Adan Emoi, Banna: Was made a headman by Captain Legg after all the other headsmen went to Ethiopia aka Abyssinia, but he was not of much help.
Hussein Shuno, Banna: Was put in at the same time as Adan Emoi and for the same reason. The British Colonial imperialist described him as “very dishonest and a great talker.”
Aden Biloka, Banna: Was made a chief along with Adan Emoi, and Hussein Shuno after previous Gharri tribal leaders went to Ethiopia (Abyssinia).
Mahad Mohamed, Darawa: Lives at El Wak. A youngish man and he was hired as a tax collector or tributes.
Sheik Omar Abdi, Tuff Subdawa: Lives at El Wak. He was described as “A young and energetic man better educated than most. Speaks Swahili. A good worker and says what he things, even then it is the truth; consequently he is disliked by the other headmen.”
Hassano Rago, Tuff Kalwein: Lives at El Wak. He was described as “A man of much influence and common sense. Is reliable and of few words.”
Hassan Kulu, Tuff Kalmansa: “An ambitious gentleman who would like to be a chief.”
Hassan Gababa: Headman of the Kilia section. He was a resident of El Wak.
Abdi Isak Ntello: He was described as “Has filled many offices. Was syce to Major Miles. Later he was a Tribal Retainer, but was discharged for theft. Took a fairly prominent part in the Gurreh raids of 1927.”
Sheik Webo: “Lives around Takaba. Attends most of the barazas and has influence, but says little. Is very holy.”
Shiek Ali Mohamed: “Brother of Gababa and squints. Was formerly Kadi, but knows little of the Islamic laws and takes bribes. An ineffective man. Lives at Mandera.”
Aden Ibrahim, Banna: “Commonly known as Jilbe. A cousin of Amin Aden. A youngish man who took a prominent part in the Gurreh raids of 1927. He dislikes the other Banna headmen exceedingly.”
Ali Yeri, Oitera: “A young and pushing fellow. An inveterate murderer and a proficient liar.”
Ali Buke, Tuff Kalwena: “Raised a force of 30 Abyssinians about 14 years ago and drove the Degodia out of Takaba. That year was still talked of as Ali Buke’s year.”
Ahamed Kiti, Banna: “An elderly man of Semitic appearance, who has considerable influence in the tribe and a great knowledge of Gurreh tradition. Mr. Pease obtained from him a large part of his data for his ethnological treaties.”
Sheik Ali Abdurhamman, Darawa: “A very holy man, the holiest in all Gurreh. Was living at Wajir, whence he went to Mecca and Cairo, and is now reported to be on his way back to Gurreh.”
Abdille Bala, Subdawa: “Chief of the Italian Gurreh at El Wak. Likes to interfere with matters on this side and is full of fetina.”

LANGUAGE: The Gharri people speak multi languages. They speak Affan Gharri Koffara, Somali, Swahili, Arabic, Affan Gharri, and Amharic. Many of these languages were learned through geographical cohabitation with others. The others were imposed on to them by the colonialist.

RELIGION: The Gharri populations are 100% Muslims.

AGRICULTURE: The Gharri depend upon live Stocks and life Stocks products. In the past, they have had abundant live Stocks and wild animals.
The Gharri people lost their livelihood due to looting and famine.
Their live Stocks were looted by the Emperor Haile Selassie and by the Dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam government’s soldiers and their tribal nomads.

Tradition: The Gharri people are peace loving, god fearing people with traditions and customs peculiar to themselves.

Wedding: The Gharri people practice arranged marriages. First, the parents of a groom SEND about a pound OF COFFEE, tea and Sugar, tied to the corner of small white sheet, possibly about two yards as a proposal to mary their daughter. If the family accepts the offer, they (bride family) respond by saying we heard you (la issan dhageene)
BARCHUMA NAQACHU: (ENGAGEMENT)

Few months later, the groom’s family follow up with something a little bit bigger to the mother of the bride as a gift to complete the engagement. Then the bride’s family says, “barchuma La Issani Dhabnee or kennine” (meaning we agreed for your son to marry our daughter) Depending on the season, soon after, the family of the groom will ask the bride’s family when they want to set a wedding date. At this point they either ACCEPTS the date or request to change the date to WHATEVER date that is convenient for them. On the wedding ceremony day, women from both side, the bride and the groom’s family supporters sing songs called “Isso Allima”, they sing about the bride’s family or clan usually a form of praising their son and daughter or TEASING ONE another, they sing a song about their son’s strengths and values.

MALE AND FEMALE TRADITIONAL SONGS,
the Gharri young boys sing songs about beautiful girls, as well as teasing songs that includes an insult and is embarrassments.
It’s called “Arrab ilman dhira.” in addition, the Gharri young men plays gonni, sarki, and Obbee tabachu. Gonni is a tagging game, or playing tag. Sarki is a form of dancing and show of strength for young men. it also, involves some form of wrsttling. and Obbee tabachis is target shooting with sharp sticks (Lawe) while obbee, (an circular object) is ROLLING FASTER
The Gharri young girls sing SONGS CALLED “Eerre-rerre.” They sing about their handsome brothers and beautiful sisters, as well as about their particular sub clan. Also they sing songs to tease fellow girls.
HAVING A BABY BOY:
Every Gharri household sacrifices ANIMALS AND has a feast to pray for their newborn sons and also gives the newborn an animal usually a calf or a heifer. In addition, they give their son an animal at the time of circumcision, if he does not cry during the circumcision as a gift for his courage.
fortunetellers. The Gharri people do have Fortunetellers. Tools needed to perform are as follows: Funno, (rope) Sandy ground for Faal, and Kopee (shoes). Funno is a short rope, approximately, about two yards long and it is performed mostly by middle age women. MEN PERFORM KOPEE AND FAAL. However some women can perform Faal too. It is used mostly during war time to predict numbers of casualties as well as successful operation. also it is used to locate lost herds, and or to predict a future event or events.

GHARRI’S INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERY:

Inventions:
among many inventions, Gharri INVETED ELEGANT Dasse, and Uttuba, (roofing and home building materials), Qorri, (wood Plat) muduna, (Wooden Cup) Moqa, (wooden Spoon) Garbisar, (Scarf) Borrati (Pillow), Sirre, Alluu,(red Paint) Uchum,(match), kokeed (wood shoes), Kopee Goga (lether shoes), , and many more.
DISCOVERY:
HAWACHOW, (antibiotic) is used primarily to treat Gonorrhea and tape worms. Also, is used to treat a broad range of infections, muscle spasms, and backheach.
WARRA (DETERGANT) IS USED TO WASH GARMENTS.
Ollombo ((Anti inflamation) is used primarily to treat infected skins and to relief of pain and inflammation for both human and animals.
Urr: Is used to treat infectious disease caused by insect’s bits for Animals
Salmac (laxative) Is used to treat constipation
Qol Sotowesa: is used to treat hepatitis and Jaundice.

Ampee qumbi: is used to make INKS (Anqasti) FOR quranic writing, cast and incense
Dharkeen: is used primarily to treat fungus infections.

Qol Agarsu: is used as alternative tea and to make red paints for “Uttuba.”
Anan Dana: is used primarily to treat eczema (Robbi)

Traditional History of the Gharri Tribe and district

According to tradition, the Gharri District was originally inhabited by a Semitic tribe called the “ben Izraeli.” They extended beyond Wajir and dug the wells there. They also dug wells at Wergedud, Eil Illi, Hogerali, Goochi, and other places in this district…. The numerous graves along the Dawa River were also theirs, and their last stronghold was Hambali, near Gerba Harre, where the stone walls of their town were found.

However, they were weakened by pandemics and droughts. Soon they were attacked by 6 tribes consists of the Hirap, Jido, Eroli, Dubbare, Madda Ade, and  Ajuran.  The “ben Izraeli” was soon finished off and the Sultan of the Hirap ruled the land.  Sometime later an Arab, Sheriff Nur, came down from the North with 30 Borana slaves and settled in the Hirap country. It was stated that the Hirap people stole Sheriff Nur’s only cow, then ate it. Shortly afterwards, Sheriff Nur demanded the return of his cow, but his cow had already been consumed by the Hirap. Consequently, a fight broke out and Sheriff Nur and his slaves became victorious. The Hirap were defeated and the rest of them escaped eastward. The Hirap fled to the Shebelle river while the Jido and Dubbare fled to the Rahanwein country or region towards the coast.

After this Sheriff Nur ruled the country until the Borana headman of the 30 slaves assassinated him, seizing the country and even his wife of Arab descent. The Borana King Gedo is said to have descended from this marriage. This ruling Borana family was thus half Arab and is said to have been much lighter in color than other Borana. It was also said that this Borana mixed race king had special qualifications for priesthood and religious ceremonies. They kept large and semi-sacred snakes for religious and ceremonial purposes as pets.

At this time the Gharri dwelt around Serar in what is now known as the Arusi region in Ethiopia, having originally come down from near the Red Sea coast through Harrar or Adarre, as the Gharri call it. Serar is located south of Harrar and about a 16 day journey by foot north of Dolo. Under pressure from enemies in the north, they migrated gradually to the southwest until they reached Filtu and Wachile which is in Southern Ethiopia. They stayed in these towns long enough to build houses and mosques, the remains of which are still visible to this day.

Through time, they came in contact with the Borana and lived side by side with Boranas for a while and spread southwards into the northern and western parts of the present day Mandera district aka “Gharri district”, until the Borana tried to control their lives and demanded payments for grazing. The Gharri objected to the Borana’s demands and decided to move again. The Gharri leaders, Sheik Bule Hussein, went out looking for a new country and travelled down the Juba and through Rahanwein to Confur(East) and decided it was a good country.  On his return he told the Gharri to spread rumors among the Borana that he was exposed to a contagious disease during his travels. Then he came up with a superb strategy. He and his slaves prepared a red blood like red drink by boiling the bark of a tree. Then, sheikh Bule Hussein and his slaves drank bowls of it prior to start of the Borana meeting. They went to the Borana meeting and soon as it commenced the slaves started reacting to the home made bloody drink they have had drunk and began vomiting a red blood like substance. Soon the Sheik fabricated signs of illness. Then, the Borana got up in disbelief and fled. Sheik and his slaves then dug two graves and set up tombstones. The Boran returning concluded that the new disease was indeed fatal and fled westward away from the Gharri villages.  Sheik Bule seized the opportunity and led the Gharri people to the east through the desert country of northern Jubaland.

However, the Gabbra and the Rendille sections of the Gharri tribes were left behind. The Gabbra had many camels and could not take them all in their flight across the desert. They saw it was a choice between their camels and the staying with the rest of the Gharri and said “We can live without the Gharri but not without camels” so they stayed behind with the Borana. Also, the Rendille were camel owners who had moved further south and did not get the news of the evacuation in time.  Their name, by tradition, is derived from “Rer Did”
The Rendille and Gabra lost the Muslim religion, but, they retained the same camel brands used by the Gharri. Also, they kept a simple marriage ceremony comparable to that performed by Gharri and  a blessing prayer in the Gharri Confur dialect that has been passed on from generations ago.

Meanwhile the Gharri fled eastwards through Jubaland and people and livestock were perishing from thirst by the time they reached Afmadu. However, they all got across the Juba safely and reached the Confer country where they settled and prospered. However, a small group from the Kalia, Banna, and Birkaya areas were so weakened that they were left behind at the Juba and switched gears toward the coast and landed between Kismayu and Lamu. They settled with the Bajun away from the Gharri Confur who settled in the city of Shan and Musser located in Owdegli located in lower Shebelle, Somalia.

Then well established and prosperous Gharri penetrated into Rahanwein and sent trading safaris and settlers further and further inland until they reached the Lugh and Dolo districts again. They engaged in trade mostly, but also made settlements and shambas along the way. Finally, they got back to Wachile where Sheik Abdi Hiloli started a settlement and traded with the Boran many centuries ago. His grave is there in Wachile and when these settlers reached the upper Dawa and Wachile, they met the Gabbra camel owners who were left behind during Sheik Bule Hussein’s migration to Somalia. They recognized them by their camel brands and by their Gharri section names Banna, Birkaya which they still retained. Surprisingly, they still preserved some Gharri customs and that their women, unlike the Boran, wore hagogo or head scarfs covering their head as the rest of the married Gharri women do.

Since the Gharri exodus a new tribe had come down from the north, the Wardeh. They are an Oromo speaking tribe of Hamitic origin, but not related to the Boran. This tribe occupied all the central parts of the Gharri disctrict and extended eastwards to Afmadu and southwards to El Wak, Wajir, and the Tana. The Gharri settlers were confined to the river and the Wachile area. They lived on friendly terms with the Boran, acquired livestock, adopted the Boran tongue and those in the north and west forgot the Gharri language, a Somali dialect, entirely.

During this time, a holy man by the name of Isak a Somali Sheikh settled among the Wardeh in the Afmadu area and took presents from them for his spiritual services. He asked one day for 100 livestock and promised a special prayer for their prosperity. The Wardeh agreed. On the appointed day the Sheik went into his house and prayed. The Wardeh brought 100 dogs instead of live stocks and tied them all around the house, and called the Sheik and said “We keep 3 kinds of beasts – dogs, goats, and cattle. Do you take the first?” The enraged Sheikh then cursed them saying “I pray to God you will be the dogs of this country”. Shortly after, all the Muslim tribes and every section of Somali combined and attacked the Wardeh. The Mohamed Zubeir, Aulihan Marehan, and Telemuggar drove them across Jubaland while the Rahanwein tribes, Gharri, Shermoge,and Gabbawein, attacked them from Lugh and Dolo. The Boran also joined in and raided them from the northwest with the Gharri settlers from Wachile. The Wardeh were attacked from all sides and were practically wiped out. Large numbers were enslaved by the Mohamad Zubeir clan and other Somali tribes, many more were sold as slaves to Zanzibar and Lumi. Only about half a dozen villages of Wardeh escaped across the Tana river. The war was known as the Aji and Galla struggle. They speak of themselves as Oromo, not as Galla or Wardeh.
According information given by Ahmed Kiti, one of the best known and most intelligent of Gharri elders, to a British official in charge of Gharri district at the time, many Gharri elders of his father’s generation participated in the raids at Wachile against the Wardeh. Also, his father fought once at Gerba Gelo, about the center of this district, and twice in the El Wak area and re-occupied Wachile with Sheik Abdi Hiloli around 1800 and the Wardeh all-out war at around 1850. By then, the Wardeh were finally driven out of this district, but small fights continued to happen years later.

The Boran now occupied the entire interior of the Gharri district and much of the present Marehan inhabited Gedo region including Garba Harre. They did not however live in peace for long in the district. The Gharri were growing stronger because most of the new comers became Gharri by way of “Shegat” aka Gharri Shegat.”  What this means is they promise to do three things before they could be accepted to become adopted to the Gharri people.
1. Promise to fight alongside the Gharri people in case of war.
2. Promise to pay blood money with the Gharri people when the occasion arises
3. Promise to support the Gharri for any issue at any gathering.
So, through these processes, the confederacy of the Gharri, Gharri Marro, and newly converted Gharri Shegats like the Gobawein started to continuously force the Boran out of the district. Also, two subsections of the Marehan, the Rer Hassan and Ali Dhere, fought the Boran near Gerba Harre with the help of Rahanwein and Shermoge. Subsequently, the Boran was pushed westward from Garba Harre and Neboi.

However, the Gharri people were not left alone in the Gharri district for too long.  The first Degodia immigrants arrived in Korume near Neboi in 1902. They became Shegat to the Shaba Alio and Ali Abdi, and the Marehan tribes soon started pressing from the east as the Gerba Harre country filled up. At this point however, the period of recorded history is reached.
There is also, slight deferring version of the traditional history re-Gharri district’s  origiona inhabitants

There is a different story of the original inhabitants of the old Gharri district that says that the Madanle were the original inhabitants of the country. They were a negroid tribe like the “Wata”.  A few of them are now living in Southern Ethiopia in the Nagelle District and recently broke away from the Boran, declaring themselves as Wayu Oromo.  Then, the “ben Izraeli” came from Egypt and drove out these people who were called the “Buri-burri”. The last remnants of the “ben Izraeli” when they were driven out escaped to the coast and became the ancestors of the Barawa or “Abu Jebel” people now living in Somalia. These people were described as very light in color and of Semitic appearance, but not of Arab blood. However, they do claim to be Arabs.

The number of graves along the Dawa suggests that the river population was larger than today’s generation. These graves are neither Gharri nor Boran and they usually lay together in quantities of 50 to 100 graves, sometimes placed in regular rows. They have tombstones at the head and feet which lay east and west, and these stones were said to be 9 and 10 feet apart in average. This validates the tradition that says the Mandale were very tall.

In comparison with the Gharri and Somali graves, the tombstones are put at the ends of the hole dug for the grave and are usually about 6 ft apart for average adult male. In most cases nothing is left but the upright stones at the head and the foot.

According to some Gharri elders or historians, all the circular cairns of stone in the district and many in the river area were Madanle graves; others say the smaller piles are Boran and Wardeh graves. The Wardeh and Boran bury their dead tied up in a sitting position in shallow graves covered up with a pile of stones on the top.

Gharri and Somali graves face east and west covered with a small mound of soil over the graves, in accordance with Islamic tradition. Sometimes two tombstones of wood were set up at the head and foot. Also, the Gharri graves are usually placed by a road intended for the onlookers to pray for the dead.
The wells in this district and many other locations including southern Ethiopia, aka Tula Saglaan, were dug by the Mandale or “Ben Izraeli.”

These artifacts of a vanished race as well as the existing race are of course ample evidence to validate the oral traditional history of the Madanle and beyond.

In regards to the Gharri tradition, the oral history is generated from the existing facts. The Gharri people have left remnants behind all along the path of their migration.

According to Gharri oral tradition given by previous Gharri elders, the Gharri people have left their remnants behind all along the track of their migrations.  It was said that there were known cases, where some Gharri men came from the Bajun Country between Kismayu and Lamu and said to have gotten livestock from relatives in Gharri District. It has been confirmed that there are families of Bana, Birkaya, and Kilia descent living in the Bajun Country. Also, there are quite a large number of Gharri, mostly of the Odkoya and Oordek clans still living up in the Arusi country near Serar, which is next to the Gura tribe in Ethiopia.
Some Gharri elders suggest that the Gharri people went straight from Serar, Arusi region, Ethiopia to the Confur country of Somalia. However, there is no question that there is compelling evidence that the Gharri originated from the north and that they migrated southwest, along with Somali tribes. Therefore, we can make a reasonable assertion that the Gharri came down across the red sea and settled in Arusi region aka “Serar” in Ethiopia, as tradition says, and left a remnant of them behind.

There are great numbers of the Gharri tribe still living in Somalia aka “Gharri Confur” around Owdegil, Welwayein, Farsolayle, Afgoy, and Qoriyole, areas in lower Shebelle, Somalia.
In conclusion: The Gharri settlers of the last century undoubtedly came from Somalia through Lugh and Dolo. So, if we believe and accept the existence of linkage between the Gharri, the Gabra and Rendille clans, this will also confirm that the Gharri tribe originally came down from the Arusi, via Filtu and Wachile. This means that the resettlement of 200 years ago was simply a reoccupation of land they once lost to the Borana centuries ago.

This article was created by Isaac Omar and Published by Gur Gharri